9 Mega Projects In India Underway In 2021

Look outside your window.

Can you find some construction happening in your neighborhood?

While you were coming back home, you would have witnessed a metro construction for sure! Do you think of that MNC office that has been being built forever now?

Well, pinch yourself, same here too!

In our everyday lives, we come across so many construction projects, and think why do these never end! The answer to this is because the construction industry or infrastructure is one of our biggest economic pillars.


As a well-developing country, this is a remarkable feat. We have continuous construction going on from small to mega-scale! This industry employs thousands of people throughout the year. And is the biggest contributor to our economy.

Thus, invariably when the pandemic struck, this industry was shut down. Now that we are moving towards normalcy yet again, there are some mega projects that have resumed and will be ready at the end of 2021 or next year.

Let us dive into the ongoing mega projects in 2021.

1. World’s First Motorable Road Through Glaciers

World's first Motorable Road through Glaciers
Source: Street Times

This is one of the most ambitious projects of the Border Roads Organisation.

It plans to create the world’s first road through the glaciers.

Project HIMANK aims at building a motorable roadway that passes through the world’s highest glaciers. The project is set in the eastern part of Ladakh.

It is being constructed at a height of 17,800 feet.

This will be a vital link between the glaciers of that region, which has been impossible until now. Moreover, it is one of the most dangerous tasks.

As the snow keeps melting and the temperatures are extreme throughout the year.

The road is being constructed between Sasoma and Saser La. It will also be making the lives of the people easy.

Also, these will improve the living conditions and the socio-economic strata. With very limited time to work on the project, the officials are working hard to make this successful.

2. Chenab Bridge

Recently in April, the Indian railways completed constructing the arch of the Chenab Bridge.

The bridge is a mega project underway that will be the world’s highest railway bridge.

It is built in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The construction is part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla railing project.

The bridge will be 1,315km long and is above a sea level of 359m.

The to-be tallest rail bridge in the world has a budget of Rs. 5.12 billion.

This investment is believed to improve the economic development of the union territory. Also, making transportation more accessible to the people.

The primary reason to undertake this project was to make the lives of the locals easier. It is hard for them to travel around in the weather conditions, at present.

The bridge will be completed by the mid of next year.

3. Mumbai-Delhi Expressway

Delhi Mumbai Expressway Ride

This ambitious Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is a 1350 km long expressway. It is being constructed between the national capital and financial capital of our country.

The project began in 2019 and the estimated budget of the project is ₹90,000 crore.

The primary aim is to create better connectivity between the metro cities of the country. Also, substantially increasing the local development around the Expressway.

After a break due to the pandemic, the construction is on its way. The project will be done in two phases.


The first phase will have 8 lanes while phase two will have 12 lanes.

As of July 2021, Railway Transport and Highways Minister, Nitin Gadkari answered in the Rajya Sabha that 350 km of the entire project has been completed. (Source: Mint)

The rest is in progress. The project is expected to be completed by January 2023.

4. Mumbai Trans Harbour Link

Mumbai Trans Harbour Link

This mega project’s estimated budget is ₹14,000 crores. The project began in April 2018 and is underway.

The Harbour link will be connecting Sewri to Nhava Sheva in Navi Mumbai.

The MTHL is a 22km long sea bridge been created over the Mumbai metropolitan region.

After completion, it will be the longest sea link in India.

The new link is being created to meet the traffic growth.

Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Commute
Source: The Indian Express

Also to make the transport commotion in one of the busiest cities easier.

Metro medical commissioner, SVR Srinivas said that the building will also have dedicated bus lanes. This is to ensure that the common citizens also enjoy the mega project. (Source: TOI)


The project will be ideally completed by September 2023.

5. Central Vista

Central Vista


The lanes of central Delhi will soon start looking different. The late-night walks to India Gate will no longer be the same. Because the government is building a new parliament!

And, also completely renovating the areas in and around the Prime Minister’s home.

The project is one of the most expensive projects ever and is an unprecedented move in Indian history.

The project aims at renovating the government buildings. It is touted to be old and incompetent for the present requirements.

The estimated budget of the project stands at ₹13,000 crores.

Necessity of central vista

However, the parliament building will be ready by early next year. This has been amidst controversy for many reasons. The opposition and journalists have questioned the necessity of the project.

However, the government maintains that it is the need of the hour. The project is to give a more eco-friendly and necessary upgrade to the decades-long institutions.


The entire project is expected to be finished by 2023.

Don’t Miss: 7 Reasons Why Central Vista Is Need Of The Hour

6. Supernova Spira – India’s Tallest Residential Towers

One of the mega projects lined up is an aspiring tallest residential building in Sector 94, Noida, India.

The building is a mixed-use tower at 300m in height accommodating 80 floors. The project is currently in its ending stage due to unforeseen pandemic restrictions.

According to Supertech, 90% of the structure has been completed.

This particular building will be the tallest. Even surpassing the height of Qutub Minar.

7. Navi Mumbai International Airport

Navi Mumbai International Airport

This mega project is a ₹16 crore project under the Adani group. It is expected to start off very soon. The inauguration will be happening this month. The foundation was laid by our current Prime minister, Narendra Modi in 2018.

The airport will be approximately 35km away from the existing Mumbai airport.

The original plan was to develop the airport in a four-phased manner, reaching through 2032.

However, it has been rescheduled due to the pandemic.

The airport is aiming at having 10 million passengers in the first phase. Later, reaching up to 60 million in the 4th phase.

This will be the second airport in the city of Mumbai.

The airport is supposed to be completed by 2024.

8. Bharatmala Project

Bharatmala project has been underway since 2018. The project is one of the biggest highway projects in the country.

Almost 50000 km of roads are targeted according to the plan. The project is subjected to improve connectivity and help the economic borders of our country.

This would also help in increasing the rate of Cargo movement.

The project is segmented into 7 different phases.

The first phase is under construction. The project was expected to be finished by 2022.

Now, efforts are made to finish at least eighteen kilometers every day, to speed up the process.

9. Sagarmala Project

Sagarmala project aims at improving India’s coastline. This will be making ports and harbors easier.

The central government aims at creating connectivity between the railways around.

It is a series of projects to drive industrial development. The route chosen is the improvement of the coastline and inland waterways.

The budget located for this mega project is ₹4 lakh crores.

The plan is spread across four areas. It lays out the plan to benefit from the long Indian coastline of over 7000 km. And, also put in place modern facilities.

It is also expected that this will help in decreasing the transport cost across the country. Invariably, increasing GDP.

Sagarmala Project

All these projects stated above are the ongoing mega projects currently funded by the many ministries in India. Most of these began in 2017-2018.

It is necessary for us as citizens to note their progress, and keep a tab on how they are being completed. Yes, the pandemic disrupted all the plans. But we also know that there are always cases of corruption that go around.

Especially, when we talk about money in huge amounts involved.


Tell us below which mega project’s budget was the most shocking? The Central Vista or the Chenab Bridge?

What do you think?

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